Virtual Reality Therapy as an Adjunct to Pain Management

BECAUSE MANY CHRONIC PAIN PATIENTS STILL EXPERIENCE pain on narcotics, it is evident that pharmacologic therapy is only part of the solution to pain management. The continued and growing recognition of psychological and social factors in pain management requires consideration of additional approaches to this complex, multimodal problem. A very effective approach, cognitive behavioral therapy, works to shift negative thoughts on pain to positive and empowering ones. Distraction techniques, such as meditation, hypnosis, and guided imagery, aim to divert attention away from pain altogether. Virtual reality (VR) is an especially effective medium for distraction (1), where the borders of reality can be modified in ways that enhance the therapeutic process. VR systems are also compatible with biosensors and brain imaging devices, making a comprehensive assessment of the global effects of pain and chronic pain syndromes possible. Furthermore, witnessing how their own brains react to pain, medication, and pain-reducing stimuli can help sufferers learn to control how they perceive pain (2).

Volumes 19 and 20 of the Annual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine just published

On behalf of Professor Brenda K Wiederhold and Professor Giuseppe Riva, we are pleased to announce that Volumes 19 and 20 of the Annual Review of CyberTherapy and Telemedicine are now online.

The journal is published annually (once per year) by our non-profit affiliate, the Interactive Media Institute (IMI) – a 501c3 non profit organization – dedicated to bringing together interdisciplinary researchers from around the world to create, test, and develop clinical protocols for the medical and psychological community – in cooperation with Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, hosting and maintaining the ARCTT website.

ARCTT is an Open Access journal that does not charge readers or their institutions for access.  Please enjoy reading our catalog of 20 Volumes (2003 to 2022) found on the ARCTT site.


How to Cope With Flight Anxiety Post-COVID

During the pandemic, most travel was restricted. A lot of us were confined to our homes or the occasional local walk and for some this became a comfort zone of sorts….


How to Cope With Flight Anxiety Post COVID

Virtual Reality may provide a solution for many.

Used in the U.S., Europe and Asia for over 25 years, Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy offers

a bridge between the imaginal world and the real world setting that has been shown to be

a more comfortable and effective starting point for many seeking to overcome their fears and

phobias.  For more information, contact us at